Fertility Risk Factors for Men: Preventable Causes of Infertility
Infertility is a disease affecting the reproductive systems of men and women that can lead to an inability to have children. It is a disease which affects many people – recent estimates are that about 6-7 million people in the United States are affected by infertility. In contrast to many unavoidable diseases, there are steps that people can take to optimize their current and future fertility.
Fertility risk factors which can significantly influence fertility include the following:
Age: A woman’s age has a strong impact on her ability to conceive.
Stress: There is some evidence that stress and depression may impact the hormones that regulate reproduction.
Smoking: In addition to its other health risks, smoking can prematurely age the ovaries in women and reduce sperm production in men.
Alcohol: Fertility problems can be encountered with even relatively modest amounts of alcohol intake in both men and women.
Unprotected intercourse: Sexually transmitted infections can cause fertility problems for both men and women.
Weight and Exercise: Women whose weight is either above average (10-15% above normal) or below average (10-15% below normal) may encounter hormonal abnormalities affecting reproduction.
Environmental factors: Certain chemicals, radiation, and high temperatures may impact fertility in both men and women.